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Prostate Cancer Awareness

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

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Updated August 27, 2006

Risk factors of Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer to affect men. In the USA 2005 the American Cancer Society estimated about 30,350 men died of prostate cancer. In 2005 there were an estimated 232,950 new cases of prostate cancer. With these statistics it is important that men, usually slow to report changes and difficulties in their health, are informed about signs and symptoms, risk factors and the importance of early detection of prostate problems.

Risk factors in prostate cancer

  • Age: Prostate cancer can occur after the age of 50 but it is most common in men over the age of 60.

  • Genetic factors: A family history of prostate cancer increases your risk. If your brother or father developed the disease your risk doubles. If two first degree relatives had prostate cancer your risk increases by four times compared to someone with no family links.

  • Race: Prostate cancer affects more African-Americans than Caucasian men; in fact prostate cancer occurs 60% more often in African-American men than Caucasian men. African-American men will be diagnosed with more advanced stage prostate cancer when they do seek help for symptoms.

  • One of the problems with this disease is that there are often few signs and symptoms associated with early prostate cancer.
  • Early detection of prostate cancer
    There is evidence that shows early detection and appropriate treatment can increase your chances of surviving and beating prostate cancer.

    Doctors advise that men from the age of 50 should have an annual digital rectal exam and/or prostate- specific antigen (PSA) blood test. Men with a family history of prostate cancer should see their doctor with a view to beginning screenings earlier.

    Treatment of prostate cancer can include surgery, radiation, and hormone therapy. Chemotherapy may be used in some cases.

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    Article source: American Cancer Society Cancer Facts and Figures 2005 report

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